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Polarity and Ferromagnetism in Two-Dimensional Hybrid Copper Perovskites with Chlorinated Aromatic Spacers

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posted on 2022-02-21, 18:35 authored by Ceng Han, Alasdair J. Bradford, Jason A. McNulty, Weiguo Zhang, P. Shiv Halasyamani, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin, Finlay D. Morrison, Stephen L. Lee, Philip Lightfoot
Two-dimensional (2D) organic–inorganic hybrid copper halide perovskites have drawn tremendous attention as promising multifunctional materials. Herein, by incorporating ortho-, meta-, and para-chlorine substitutions in the benzylamine structure, we first report the influence of positional isomerism on the crystal structures of chlorobenzylammonium copper­(II) chloride perovskites A2CuCl4. 2D polar ferromagnets (3-ClbaH)2CuCl4 and (4-ClbaH)2CuCl4 (ClbaH+ = chlorobenzylammonium) are successfully obtained. They both adopt a polar monoclinic space group Cc at room temperature, displaying significant differences in crystal structures. In contrast, (2-ClbaH)2CuCl4 adopts a centrosymmetric space group P21/c at room temperature. This associated structural evolution successfully enhances the physical properties of the two polar compounds with high thermal stability, discernible second harmonic generation (SHG) signals, ferromagnetism, and narrow optical band gaps. These findings demonstrate that the introduction of chlorine atoms into the interlayer organic species is a powerful tool to tune crystal symmetries and physical properties, and this inspires further exploration of designing high-performance multifunctional copper-based materials.

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