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Phosphine-Catalyzed Synthesis of Highly Functionalized Coumarins

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posted on 02.08.2007, 00:00 by Christopher E. Henry, Ohyun Kwon
2-Styrenyl allenoates are converted into cyclopentene-fused dihydrocoumarins through phosphine-catalyzed regio- and diastereoselective [3 + 2] cycloadditions. Remarkably, changing the solvent from THF to benzene promotes the conversion of the 2-(2-nitrostyrenyl) allenoate into a tricyclic nitronate through a previously undocumented mode of phosphine catalysis. This nitronate was subjected to efficient face-, regio-, and exo-selective 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions to provide tetracyclic coumarin derivatives.