American Chemical Society
jo070927i_si_014.cif (31.89 kB)

Partially O-Alkylated Thiacalix[4]arenes:  Synthesis, Molecular and Crystal Structures, Conformational Behavior

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posted on 2007-09-14, 00:00 authored by Hana Dvořáková, Jan Lang, Jiří Vlach, Jan Sýkora, Michal Čajan, Michal Himl, Michaela Pojarová, Ivan Stibor, Pavel Lhoták
NMR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, and quantum chemical calculations were used for conformational behavior study of partially alkylated thiacalix[4]arenes bearing methyl (1), ethyl (2), or propyl (3) groups at the lower rim. The conformational properties are governed by two basic effects:  (i) stabilization by intramolecular hydrogen bonds, and (ii) sterical requirements of the alkoxy groups at the lower rim. While the monosubstituted derivatives 1a and 3a adopt the cone conformation in solution, distally disubstituted compounds 1b, 1b, 2b, 2b, 3b, and 3b exhibit several interesting conformational features. They prefer pinched cone conformation in solution, and, except for 3b, they form also 1,2-alternate conformation, which is flexible and undergoes rather fast transition between two identical structures. The crystal structures of the compounds 1b, 2b, 2b, and 3b revealed yet quite rare 1,2-alternate conformation forming molecular channels held together by π−π interactions. Different channelswith hexagonal symmetry, 0.26 nm wideare formed in the crystal structure of the pinched cone conformation of 3b. An uncommon hydrogen bonding pattern was found in dimethoxy and dipropoxy derivatives 1b and 3b that adopt distorted cone conformations in crystal. Trialkoxy-substituted compounds 1c and 3c adopt the partial cone conformation in solution. A higher mobility of methyl derivative 1c enables also existence of the cone conformer.