American Chemical Society
jo5b00733_si_002.cif (139.46 kB)

Palladium-Catalyzed Chelation-Assisted Regioselective Oxidative Dehydrogenative Homocoupling/Ortho-Hydroxylation in N‑Phenylpyrazoles

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posted on 2015-08-07, 00:00 authored by Harikrishna Batchu, Soumya Bhattacharyya, Ruchir Kant, Sanjay Batra
A palladium-catalyzed pyrazole-directed regioselective oxidative C­(sp2)–H functionalization of the N-phenyl ring in N-phenylpyrazoles to afford either a biaryl bis-pyrazole (via dehydrogenative homocoupling) or N-(o-hydroxyphenyl)­pyrazole (via C–H oxygenation) or their mixture is described. The substitutions on the N-phenyl ring and the pyrazole ring and the dilution of the reaction medium with respect to the TFA/TFAA mixture (substrate concentration) have a remarkable influence on the outcome of the reaction. It was discovered that if the reactions were performed under highly dilute conditions (ca. 10 times) then N-(o-hydroxyphenyl)­pyrazoles were the major or the sole products.