American Chemical Society
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POMzites: A Family of Zeolitic Polyoxometalate Frameworks from a Minimal Building Block Library

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posted on 2017-04-03, 00:00 authored by Thomas Boyd, Scott G. Mitchell, David Gabb, De-Liang Long, Yu-Fei Song, Leroy Cronin
We describe why the cyclic heteropolyanion [P8W48O184]40– (abbreviated as {P8W48}) is an ideal building block for the construction of intrinsically porous framework materials by classifying and analyzing >30 coordination polymers incorporating this polyoxometalate (POM) ligand. This analysis shows that the exocyclic coordination of first-row transition metals (TMs) to {P8W48} typically yields frameworks which extend through {W–O–TM–O–W} bridges in one, two, or three dimensions. However, despite the rich structural diversity of such compounds, the coordination of TMs to the {P8W48} ring is poorly understood, and therefore largely unpredictable, and had not until now been present with any structural classification that could allow rational design. Herein, not only do we present a new approach to understand and classify this new class of materials, we also present three {P8W48}-based frameworks which complement those frameworks which have previously been described. These new compounds help us postulate a new taxonomy of these materials. This is possible because the TM coordination sites of the {P8W48} ring are found, once fully mapped, to lead to well-defined classes of connectivity. Together, analysis provides insight into the nature of the building block connectivity within each framework, to facilitate comparisons between related structures, and to fundamentally unite this family of compounds. Hence we have tentatively named these compounds as “POMzites” to reflect the POM-based composition and zeolitic nature of each family member, although crucially, POMzites differ from zeolites in the modular manner of their preparation. As the synthesis of further POMzites is anticipated, the classification system and terminology introduced here will allow new compounds to be categorized and understood in the context of the established materials. A better understanding of TM coordination to the {P8W48} ring may allow the targeted synthesis of new frameworks rather than the reliance on serendipity apparent in current methods.