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PH-Functional Phosphines with 1,1‘-Biphenyl-2,2‘-bis(methylene) and 1,1‘-Binaphthyl-2,2‘-bis(methylene) Backbones

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posted on 14.11.1998, 00:00 authored by Frank Bitterer, Oliver Herd, Michael Kühnel, Othmar Stelzer, Norbert Weferling, William S. Sheldrick, Jutta Hahn, Sabine Nagel, Notker Rösch
The first PH-functional phosphines (1, 3, and 5) containing the 1,1‘-binaphthyl-2,2‘-bis(methylene) or 1,1‘-biphenyl-2,2‘-bis(methylene) backbone have been obtained by two-phase phosphination of 2,2‘-bis(halomethyl)-1,1‘-binaphthyls with PH3 or in a protected-group synthesis using P(SiMe3)3 as the starting material. The 4,5-dihydro-3H-dinaphtho[2,1-c:1‘,2‘-e]phosphepine (1) is configurationally stable, as indicated by the inequivalence of the two CH2 and naphthyl substituents in the 13C{1H} NMR spectra. The X-ray crystal structure of 1·0.5C6H5CH3 shows an intracyclic C−P−C angle of 99.5(2)°, the interplanar angle of the phosphepine ring system being 67.6(5)°. The borane adduct 7 of the secondary phosphine 1 has been employed for the syntheses of atropisomeric mono- and bidentate ligands (814) with the bulky 1,1‘-binaphthyl moieties. Results of force field calculations on the conformations of 1, 3, and 14 are presented. The ability of these phosphines to form mononuclear and polynuclear complexes with transition-metal centers is discussed. Compound 14 exhibits a large variety of low-energy conformations, and some of them seem to be capable of forming mononuclear transition-metal complexes.