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Oxidation Products of Doubly Trimethylene-Bridged Tetrabenzyl p‑Phenylenediamine Paracyclophane

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posted on 15.11.2013, 00:00 authored by Almaz S. Jalilov, Lu Han, Stephen F. Nelsen, Ilia A. Guzei
We report synthesis and investigation of doubly trimethylene-bridged tetrabenzyl-p-phenylenediamine 1­(Bz) in its singly and doubly charged redox states. The singly oxidized monoradical cation, which is a mixed-valence (MV) system with directly interacting charge-bearing units, shows broad and solvent-sensitive intervalence bands consistent with class II compounds according to the Robin–Day classification. The doubly oxidized diradical dication of 1­(Bz) exists in the spin-paired singlet state with thermally accessible triplet state. It has similar conformations as the other dimeric p-phenylenediamines, such as derivatives 1­(Me) and 1­(Et), in both the solid-state and solution phases. The successful isolation of the single-crystalline 1­(Bz)2+ diradical dications with two different in nature counteranions, relatively highly coordinating SbF6 and weakly coordinating carborane [undecamethylcarborane HCB11Me11 (CB)], reveals the distinct effect of the nature of counterions on the structural features of diradical dication. Cyclic voltammetry measurements of 1­(Bz) in dichloromethane reveal separation of the first and second oxidation potential by 0.12 V (2.8 kcal/mol), indicating relatively stable mixed-valence state in the dichloromethane, whereas in the acetonitrile both the first and second oxidation potentials overlap into one unresolved redox peak with minimal separation.