American Chemical Society
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Out-of-Register Aβ42 Assemblies as Models for Neurotoxic Oligomers and Fibrils

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posted on 2018-01-22, 00:00 authored by Wenhui Xi, Elliott K. Vanderford, Ulrich H. E. Hansmann
We propose a variant of the recently found S-shaped Aβ1–42-motif that is characterized by out-of-register C-terminal β-strands. We show that chains with this structure can form not only fibrils that are compatible with the NMR signals but also barrel-shaped oligomers that resemble the ones formed by the much smaller cylindrin peptides. By running long all-atom molecular dynamics simulations at physiological temperatures with an explicit solvent, we study the stability of these constructs and show that they are plausible models for neurotoxic oligomers. After analyzing the transitions between different assemblies, we suggest a mechanism for amyloid formation in Alzheimer’s disease.