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Origin of the Thiopyrone CTP-431 “Unexpectedly” Isolated from the Marine Sponge Cacospongia mycofijiensis

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posted on 25.07.2018, 00:00 by Adam D. Przeslak, Martyn Inman, William Lewis, Christopher J. Moody
An intriguing hypothesis that latrunculin A, a well-known natural product, might have undergone transformation into the unprecedented thiopyrone CTP-431 upon long-term storage in methanol is advanced. Thus, opening of the hemiacetal of latrunculin A, followed by E1CB elimination, and dehydration would give a polyene that could undergo intramolecular Diels–Alder reaction, followed by methanolysis of the thiazolidinone ring and ring closure by intramolecular thiol addition to an enone. Experimental evidence that the novel thiazolidinone to thiopyrone rearrangement can occur is presented.