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Ordered Structure and Thermal Expansion in Tungsten Bronze Pb2K0.5Li0.5Nb5O15

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posted on 02.09.2014, 00:00 by Kun Lin, Yangchun Rong, Hui Wu, Qingzhen Huang, Li You, Yang Ren, Longlong Fan, Jun Chen, Xianran Xing
The crystal structure and thermal expansion behaviors of a new tetragonal tungsten bronze (TTB) ferroelectric, Pb2K0.5Li0.5Nb5O15, were systematically investigated by selected-area electron diffraction (SAED), neutron powder diffraction, synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD), and high-temperature XRD. SAED and Rietveld refinement reveal that Pb2K0.5Li0.5Nb5O15 displays a commensurate superstructure of simple orthorhombic TTB structure at room temperature. The structure can be described with space group Bb21m. The transition to a paraelectric phase (P4/mbm) occurs at 500 °C. Compared with Pb2KNb5O15 (PKN), the substitution of 0.5K+ with small 0.5Li+ into PKN causes the tilting of NbO6 octahedra away from the c axis with Δθ ≈ 10° and raises the Curie temperature by 40 °C, and the negative thermal expansion coefficient along the polar b axis increases more than 50% in the temperature range 25–500 °C. We present that, by introduction of Li+, the enhanced spontaneous polarization is responsible for the enhanced negative thermal expansion along the b axis, which may be caused by more Pb2+ in the pentagonal caves.

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