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Optimized Acetylene/Carbon Dioxide Sorption in a Dynamic Porous Crystal

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posted on 22.04.2009, 00:00 by Jie-Peng Zhang, Xiao-Ming Chen
The low compression limit of acetylene (C2H2) and its similarity to carbon dioxide (CO2) challenge the development of novel adsorbents. We illustrate in this report that the unique static and dynamic pore characteristics of a metal azolate framework, [Cu(etz)]n (MAF-2, Hetz = 3,5-diethyl-1,2,4-triazole), can combine to show extraordinary C2H2/CO2 sorption behaviors, which have been elucidated by a combination of gas sorption measurements and single-crystal structure analyses of the sorption complexes of both C2H2 and CO2. As demonstrated by single-crystal X-ray crystallography, C2H2/CO2 hexamers are confined inside the nanocages of MAF-2 in different configurations. The subtle difference between C2H2 and CO2 is magnified by consequent framework dynamics, which produce sigmoid isotherms that are optimized for practical adsorptive applications. Large C2H2 uptake (70 cm3 g−1) and high C2H2/CO2 uptake ratio (3.7) at 298 K, 1 atm as well as facile gas desorption are revealed. Since the C2H2 uptake at 298 K, 1 atm is far from saturation (119 cm3 g−1), MAF-2 permits a usable C2H2 storage capacity 20 times higher than its volume or 40 times higher than that of a gas cylinder working between practical limits of 1.0−1.5 atm.