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Novel Antiinsectan Oxalicine Alkaloids from Two Undescribed Fungicolous Penicillium spp.

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posted on 12.02.2003, 00:00 by Yichao Zhang, Chen Li, Dale C. Swenson, James B. Gloer, Donald T. Wicklow, Patrick F. Dowd
15-Deoxyoxalicine B (1) and decaturins A (2) and B (3) have been isolated from Penicillium decaturense and Penicillium thiersii, two previously undescribed species obtained as colonists of wood-decay fungi. The structures were determined by 2D NMR experiments and/or single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. These compounds are members of a rare structural class, and decaturins A and B feature a new polycyclic ring system. Decaturin B (3) exhibited potent antiinsectan activity against the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda).