Nontransgenic Marker-Free Gene Disruption by an Episomal CRISPR System in the Oleaginous Microalga, Nannochloropsis oceanica CCMP1779
datasetposted on 08.03.2018, 00:00 by Eric Poliner, Tomomi Takeuchi, Zhi-Yan Du, Christoph Benning, Eva M. Farré
Utilization of microalgae has been hampered by limited tools for creating loss-of-function mutants. Furthermore, modified strains for deployment into the field must be free of antibiotic resistance genes and face fewer regulatory hurdles if they are transgene free. The oleaginous microalga, Nannochloropsis oceanica CCMP1779, is an emerging model for microalgal lipid metabolism. We present a one-vector episomal CRISPR/Cas9 system for N. oceanica that enables the generation of marker-free mutant lines. The CEN/ARS6 region from Saccharomyces cerevisiae was included in the vector to facilitate its maintenance as circular extrachromosal DNA. The vector utilizes a bidirectional promoter to produce both Cas9 and a ribozyme flanked sgRNA. This system efficiently generates targeted mutations, and allows the loss of episomal DNA after the removal of selection pressure, resulting in marker-free nontransgenic engineered lines. To test this system, we disrupted the nitrate reductase gene (NR) and subsequently removed the CRISPR episome to generate nontransgenic marker-free nitrate reductase knockout lines (NR-KO).
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Nannochloropsis oceanica CCMP 1779 Utilizationmarker-free nontransgenicmicroalgal lipid metabolismnitrate reductase geneNontransgenic Marker-Free Gene Disruptionoleaginous microalgaselection pressurevectorSaccharomyces cerevisiaeOleaginous MicroalgaCENepisomal DNAbidirectional promoter. oceanicaCas 9N . oceanicaNREpisomal CRISPR Systemantibiotic resistance genesloss-of-function mutantsNR-KOCRISPR episomeextrachromosal DNAnontransgenic marker-free nitrate reductase knockout lines