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Nanocomposites Containing Keggin Anions Anchored on Pyrazine-Based Frameworks for Use as Supercapacitors and Photocatalysts

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posted on 12.04.2019, 00:00 authored by Nana Du, Lige Gong, Lingyu Fan, Kai Yu, Huan Luo, Shengjie Pang, Jiaqian Gao, Zhuwu Zheng, Jinghua Lv, Baibin Zhou
Designing highly active Keggin-anion anchored on pz-based frameworks is desirable but still a huge challenge. Herein, three new POM-based inorganic–organic hybrid compounds [{Ag5(pz)7}­(BW12O40)] (1), [{Ag5(pz)7}­(SiW12O40)]­(OH)·H2O (2), (Hpyr)­[{Ag­(pz)}2(PMo12O40)] (3) (pz = pyrazine, pyr = pyrrole) have been fabricated via a hydrothermal synthesis method. All compounds were characterized by elemental analyses, infrared spectroscopy (IR), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), thermogravimetric (TG), scanning electron micrographs (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction displays that the configurations of compounds 1 and 2 are parallel. In compound 1, the [BW12O40]5– is as 8-connected node incorporated into the orifice of the Ag-pz framework forming the glamorous POM-based metal organic frameworks (POMOFs). And the 3D POMOFs possess a kind of novel topology {42·54}2{44·512·68·73·9}­{44·53·63}­{44·55·6·74·9}­{73}. There is a metal–organic nanotube structure constructed by four Ag-pz chains in compound 3. Then, the opened POMOFs consist of [PMo12O40]3– clusters encircled in metal–organic nanotubes with the topology {34·46·54·6}2­{34·48·58·64·74}. When used as electrode materials, as-prepared compounds 1, 2, and 3 have high specific capacitance of 1058, 986, and 1611 F g–1 at a current density of 2.16A g–1 and favorable cycling stability; after 1000 cycles, the retention rates of the capacitance are 90.3%, 94.5%, and 84.8% at 15.12 A g–1 in supercapacitors, respectively. Moreover, the ability of compounds 13 to degrade dyes is excellent under UV irradiation. The degradation rates of RhB are 94.89% for 1, 93.06% for 2, and 96.88% for 3 after 150 min, and the degradation rates of MB are 96.48% for 1, 94.28% for 2, and 98.58% for 3 after 90 min. These results illustrate that compounds 13 have potential applications in energy functional materials and organic pollutant degradation.