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N−C Bond Formation Promoted by a Hafnocene Dinitrogen Complex:  Comparison of Zirconium and Hafnium Congeners

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posted on 23.08.2006 by Wesley H. Bernskoetter, Andrea V. Olmos, Jaime A. Pool, Emil Lobkovsky, Paul J. Chirik
Nitrogen−carbon bond formation from coordinated dinitrogen has been observed upon addition of 2 equiv of PhNCO to the hafnocene dinitrogen complex, [(η5-C5Me4H)2Hf]2222-N2). The resulting product most likely arises from initial NC cycloaddition of the first equivalent of heterocumulene, followed by carbonyl insertion of a second equivalent into the newly formed hafnium−nitrogen bond. The resulting product has considerable hafnium imido character, as evidenced by the metrical parameters determined from the solid-state structure as well as reactivity studies, whereby PhNCO, p-tolyl isocyanate, and t-BuC⋮CH each undergo cycloaddition with the hafnium−nitrogen bond. The origin of the nitrogen−carbon-forming chemistry is likely derived from the reluctance of the hafnocene dinitrogen complex to undergo ligand-induced N2 isomerization, as was observed with the zirconium congener.