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Multifaceted α‑Enaminone: Adaptable Building Block for Synthesis of Heterocyclic Scaffolds Through Conceptually Distinct 1,2‑, 1,3‑, 1,4‑, and C–O Bond Forming Annulations

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posted on 19.06.2017, 00:00 authored by David Lankri, Ghassan Albarghouti, Mohamed Mahameed, Dmitry Tsvelikhovsky
The new reactivity of α,β-unsaturated enaminones driven by their “dual electronic attitude” is reported. We introduce unexplored, α-enaminone synthones and reveal the unusual functionalities of these building blocks. The feasibility of this new concept is demonstrated in the direct functionalization of enaminone precursors, such as alkylation; 1,2- 1,3-, or 1,4-addition; and C–O bond formation. The general and potential applicability is presented through the collective synthesis of several important classes of heterocycles via controlled cyclizations of easily accessible common precursors. The rapid composition of novel key α-enaminone synthones yields an assembly of oxazines, azaspirones, quinolinones, and quinolinols in a regio- and chemoselective fashion.