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Multifaceted Coordination of Naphthyridine−Functionalized N-Heterocyclic Carbene: A Novel “IrIII(CN)(CC)” Compound and Its Evaluation as Transfer Hydrogenation Catalyst

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posted on 2009-12-07, 00:00 authored by Arup Sinha, S. M. Wahidur Rahaman, Mithun Sarkar, Biswajit Saha, Prosenjit Daw, Jitendra K. Bera
The 1,8-naphthyridine−functionalized N-heterocyclic carbene 1-benzyl-3-(5,7-dimethyl-1,8-naphthyrid-2-yl)imidazol-2-ylidene (BIN) has been successfully coordinated to Pd(II), W(0), Rh(I), and Ir(III), exhibiting its diverse binding modes. Reaction of BIN·HBr with Ag2O, followed by transmetalation with PdCl2(COD)2 provides a cis complex PdCl2(κC2-BIN)2 (1). Treatment of BIN·HBr with W(CO)4(piperidine)2 in acetonitrile affords a chelate complex W(CO)42C2,N1′-BIN) (2). Reaction of {RhCl(COD)}2 with KOtBu and subsequent treatment with BIN·HBr in 1:2 and 1:1 ratio results in the mono and dinuclear complexes [Rh(COD)Br(κC2-BIN)] (3) and [{Rh(COD)Br}2(κN8′:κC2-BIN)] (4), respectively. In complex 3, the “Rh(COD)Br” unit is coordinated to the carbene center, whereas an additional “Rh(COD)Br” unit is attached to naphthyridine nitrogen in complex 4 in an anti arrangement. Under identical reaction condition, a novel Ir(III) complex [Ir(κ2C2,N1′-BIN)(κ2C3′,C2-BIN)(H2O)Br]Br (5) has been synthesized. Complex 5 is proved to be catalytically active in hydrogen transfer reaction from iPrOH. All complexes have been characterized by spectroscopic methods and X-ray crystallography.

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