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Multicomponent Synthesis of 4‑Aminophthalazin-1(2H)‑ones by Palladium-Catalyzed Isocyanide Insertion

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posted on 05.07.2013, 00:00 by Tjøstil Vlaar, Pieter Mampuys, Madeleine Helliwell, Bert U. W. Maes, Romano V. A. Orru, Eelco Ruijter
4-Aminophthalazin-1­(2H)-ones (APOs) are underexplored heterocyclic compounds with promising and diverse biological activities. The classical synthesis of these compounds is tedious and does not allow the regioselective introduction of substituents. Here, we present our full studies on the Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling of substituted o-(pseudo)­halobenzoates and hydrazines with isocyanide insertion allowing straightforward access to diversely substituted APOs. We illustrate the advantages of this method compared to other approaches and describe solutions for the limitations we encountered. In addition, we have developed efficient diversifications of this heterocyclic scaffold that allow access to more diverse APOs as well as novel heterocyclic scaffolds.