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Mononuclear dpp-Bian Gallium Complexes: Synthesis, Crystal Structures, and Reactivity toward Alkynes and Enones

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posted on 27.04.2015, 00:00 by Igor L. Fedushkin, Olga V. Kazarina, Anton N. Lukoyanov, Alexandra A. Skatova, Natalia L. Bazyakina, Anton V. Cherkasov, Eftimios Palamidis
Treatment of (dpp-Bian)­Ga–Ga­(dpp-Bian) (1) (dpp-Bian = 1,2-bis­[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)­imino]­acenaphthene) with iodine gives (dpp-Bian)­Ga­(I)–Ga­(I)­(dpp-Bian) (2), which reacts in situ with K­(C5H4CH2CH2NMe2) (KCpDo) or K­(OCH2CH2NMe2) (KORDo) to produce the monomeric species (dpp-Bian)­GaCpDo (3) and (dpp-Bian)­GaORDo (4), respectively. Complex 3 reacts with PhCCH to give the paramagnetic derivative (dpp-Bian)­Ga­(CCPh)2 (5), while compound 4 is inert toward this alkyne. In contrast, monomeric (dpp-Bian)­Ga­(S2CNMe2) (6) reacts with PhCCH and HCCH to give the cycloaddition products [dpp-Bian­(PhCCH)]­Ga­(S2CNMe2) (7) and [dpp-Bian­(HCCH)]­Ga­(S2CNMe2) (8). The related compounds [dpp-Bian­(MeCCC­(O)­OMe)]­Ga­(S2CNMe2) (9) and [dpp-Bian­(CH2CHC­(Me)­O)]­Ga­(S2CNMe2) (10) have been obtained in the reactions of complex 6 with methyl 2-butynoate and methyl vinyl ketone, respectively. New complexes have been characterized by 1H NMR (3, 4, and 710) and ESR (5) spectroscopy; their molecular structures have been established by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The catalytic activity of complex 6 in the hydroamination and hydroarylation of alkynes has been examined.