Molybdenum(VI) Dioxo and Oxo-Imido Complexes of Fluorinated β-Ketiminato Ligands and Their Use in OAT Reactions
datasetposted on 06.02.2012, 00:00 by Manuel Volpe, Nadia C. Mösch-Zanetti
Substitution of a methyl by a trifluoromethyl moiety in well-known β-ketimines afforded the ligands (Ar)NC(Me)CH2CO(CF3) (HLH, Ar = C6H5; HLMe, A r= 2,6-Me2C6H3; HLiPr, Ar = 2,6-iPr2C6H3). Subsequent complexation to the [MoO2]2+ core leads to the formation of novel complexes of general formula [MoO2(LR)2] (R = H, 1; R = Me, 2; R = iPr, 3). For reasons of comparison the oxo-imido complex [MoO(NtBu)(LMe)2] (4) has also been synthesized. Complexes 1–4 were investigated in oxygen atom transfer (OAT) reactions using the substrate trimethylphosphine. The respective products after OAT, the reduced MoIV complexes [MoO(PMe3)(LR)2] (R = H, 5; R = Me, 6; R = iPr, 7) and [Mo(NtBu)(PMe3)(LMe)2] (8), were isolated. All complexes have been characterized by NMR spectroscopy, and 1–4 also by cyclic voltammetry. A positive shift of the MoVI–MoV reduction wave upon fluorination was observed. Furthermore, molecular structures of complexes 2, 4, 5, and 8 have been determined via single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Complex 8 represents a rare example of a MoIV phosphino-imido complex. Kinetic measurements by UV–vis spectroscopy of the OAT reactions from complexes 1–4 to PMe3 showed them to be more efficient than previously reported nonfluorinated ones, with ligand L′ = (Ar)NC(Me)CH2CO(CH3) [MoO2(L′)2] (9) and [MoO(NtBu)(L′)2] (10), respectively. Thermodynamic activation parameters ΔH‡ and ΔS‡ of the OAT reactions for complexes 2 and 4 have been determined. The activation enthalpy for the reaction employing 2 is significantly smaller (12.3 kJ/mol) compared to the reaction with the nonfluorinated complex 9 (60.8 kJ/mol). The change of the entropic term ΔS‡ is small. The reaction of the oxo-imido complex 4 to 8 revealed a significant electron-donating contribution of the imido substituent.