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Molecular Salts of Anesthetic Lidocaine with Dicarboxylic Acids: Solid-State Properties and a Combined Structural and Spectroscopic Study

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posted on 19.02.2016, 07:13 by Dario Braga, Laura Chelazzi, Fabrizia Grepioni, Elena Dichiarante, Michele R. Chierotti, Roberto Gobetto
Four lidocaine molecular salts of dicarboxylic acids (oxalic, fumaric, malonic, and succinic) were synthesized and characterized by a combined use of X-ray powder and single-crystal diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and solid-state NMR (1H MAS and CRAMPS, and 13C and 15N CPMAS): all molecular salts show a dramatic increase in their melting point with respect to both lidocaine and lidocaine hydrochloride, and a higher dissolution rate and thermodynamic solubility in physiological solution with respect to the free base.