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Molecular Magnets Based on Nickel(II) Complexes with 3-Imidazoline Nitroxides and Alcohols

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posted on 1998-08-07, 00:00 authored by Vladimir N. Ikorskii, Victor I. Ovcharenko, Yurii G. Shvedenkov, Galina V. Romanenko, Sergei V. Fokin, Renad Z. Sagdeev
Crystallization of heterospin bischelate NiL2, where L is deprotonated nitroxide 4-(3‘,3‘,3‘-trifluoromethyl-2‘-oxopropylidene)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-3-imidazoline-1-oxyl, with alcohols allows a logical assembly of layered [NiL2(CH3OH)2 (1) and NiL2(C2H5OH)2 (2)] or frame compounds [NiL2(HO(CH2)4OH) (3) and NiL2(HO(CH2)5OH) (4)]. The structures of complexes 1, 2, and 4 have been determined. Crystal data:  1, monoclinic, space group P21/c, a = 8.929(2) Å, b = 15.773(3), c = 11.518(2), β = 118.84(1)°, Z = 2; 2, monoclinic, space group P21/c, a = 9.923(5) Å, b = 15.992(5) Å, c = 11.486(2) Å, β = 120.63(3)°, Z = 2; 4, monoclinic, space group C2/c, a = 21.028(4) Å, b = 10.943(2), c = 14.405(3), β = 110.61(3)°, Z = 4. The structure of 3 is very close to the structure of 4 and has been reported earlier. Robust H-bonding between the OH groups of the coordinated alcohols and the >N−O groups of the neighboring fragments NiL2 leads to the formation of polymeric layers in the solid. At the same time, hydrogen bonds form effective channels for magnetic interactions >N−O···H−OR−Ni2+RO−H···O−N<. The magnetic phase transition to the weak ferromagnetic state below 7 K is inherent in 14. For 2 and 4, this transition is induced by the external magnetic field that correlates with the elongation of Ni−RO and RO···O− distances in the exchange channels >N−O···H−OR−Ni2+RO−H···O−N< in solids 2 and 4 compared to 1 and 3. It has been found that magnetic ordering occurs only within the polymeric layers formed due to multiple hydrogen bonds. Investigation of the anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility performed on large single crystals of 14 revealed an essentially different ordering of the magnetic moments of magnetic sublattices in 1, 2 and in 3, 4.

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