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Mixed Fullerene Electron Transport Layers with Fluorocarbon Chains Assembling on the Surface: A Moisture-Resistant Coverage for Perovskite Solar Cells

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posted on 2020-07-27, 19:04 authored by Zhou Xing, Shu-Hui Li, Fang-Fang Xie, Piao-Yang Xu, Lin-Long Deng, Xinxian Zhong, Su-Yuan Xie
In p-i-n structure perovskite solar cells (PSCs), the most prevalent electron transport layer (ETL), [6, 6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM), acts as both electron extractor and protective coverage to the underlayer perovskite. Notably, multifunctional mixed fullerene ETLs show great potential in further improving both the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and stability of PSCs compared to the single PC61BM ETL. In this work, we reported the mixed fullerene ETLs comprising of PC61BM and its two analogs with different length of fluorocarbon chains, [6, 6]-phenyl-C61-buryric acid 1H,1H-trifluoro-1-ethyl ester (abbreviated, CF3–PC61BM) and [6, 6]-phenyl-C61-buryric acid 1H, 1H-tridecafluoro-1-heptyl ester (abbreviated, C6F13–PC61BM). We obtained excellent PCEs of 18.37% and 17.71% for 1 wt % CF3–PC61BM- and C6F13–PC61BM-based PSCs (1 wt % addition of PC61BM) with CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) perovskites, respectively. Moreover, champion PCEs of ∼19% were obtained based on the CsFAMAPbIBr perovskites. Subsequent experiments demonstrated that the fluorocarbon chains of CF3–PC61BM and C6F13–PC61BM assembled at the surfaces of ETLs with the formation of thin-layer moisture-resistant protective coverage above perovskite. Results show that it significantly retarded water penetrating down to perovskite layers and led to optimal humidity stability under ambient atmosphere.

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