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Mid-infrared Extinction Spectra and Optical Constants of Supercooled Water Droplets

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posted on 18.08.2005, 00:00 by Robert Wagner, Stefan Benz, Ottmar Möhler, Harald Saathoff, Martin Schnaiter, Ulrich Schurath
Complex refractive indices of supercooled liquid water have been retrieved at 269, 258, 252, and 238 K in the 4500−1100 cm-1 wavenumber regime from series of infrared extinction spectra of micron-sized water droplets. The spectra collection was recorded during expansion experiments in the large coolable aerosol chamber AIDA of Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. A Mie inversion technique was applied to derive the low-temperature refractive index data sets by iteratively adjusting the room-temperature optical constants of liquid water until obtaining the best agreement between measured and calculated infrared spectra of the supercooled water droplets. The new optical constants, revealing significant temperature-induced spectral variations in comparison with the room-temperature refractive indices, proved to be in good agreement with data sets obtained in a recent study. A detailed analysis was performed to elaborate potential inaccuracies in the retrieval results when deriving optical constants from particle extinction spectra using an iterative procedure.