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Methyl Jasmonate Responsive Proteins in Brassica napus Guard Cells Revealed by iTRAQ-Based Quantitative Proteomics

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posted on 06.07.2012, 00:00 by Mengmeng Zhu, Shaojun Dai, Ning Zhu, Aaron Booy, Brigitte Simons, Sarah Yi, Sixue Chen
Stomata on leaf epidermis formed by pairs of guard cells control CO2 intake and water transpiration, and respond to different environmental conditions. Stress-induced stomatal closure is mediated via an intricate hormone network in guard cells. Although methyl jasmonate (MeJA) has been intensively studied for its function in plant defense, the molecular mechanisms underlying its function in stomatal movement are not fully understood. Here we report the effects of MeJA on Brassica napus stomatal movement and H2O2 production. Using the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) approach, we have identified 84 MeJA-responsive proteins in B. napus guard cells. Most of the genes encoding these proteins contain jasmonate-responsive elements in the promoters, indicating that they are potentially regulated at the transcriptional level. Among the identified proteins, five protein changes after MeJA treatment were validated using Western blot analysis. The identification of the MeJA-responsive proteins has revealed interesting molecular mechanisms underlying MeJA function in guard cells, which include homeostasis of H2O2 production and scavenging, signaling through calcium oscillation and protein (de)­phosphorylation, gene transcription, protein modification, energy balance, osmoregulation, and cell shape modulation. The knowledge of the MeJA-responsive proteins has improved our understanding of MeJA signaling in stomatal movement, and it may be applied to crop engineering for enhanced yield and stress tolerance.