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Metal−Insulator Transition of Charge-Transfer Salts Based on Unsymmetrical Donor DMET and Metal Halide Anions (DMET)4(MCl4)(TCE)2 (M = Mn, Co, Cu, Zn; TCE = 1,1,2-trichloroethane)

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posted on 2007-07-11, 00:00 authored by Hiroshi Ito, Daichi Suzuki, Harutaka Watanabe, Hisaaki Tanaka, Shin-ichi Kuroda, Masamichi Umemiya, Norihito Kobayashi, Makoto Goto, Ken-ichi Sugiura, Hitoshi Miyasaka, Shinya Takaishi, Takashi Kajiwara, Masahiro Yamashita, Eiji Ohmichi, Toshihito Osada
New charge-transfer salts based on an unsymmetrical donor DMET [dimethyl(ethylenedithio)diselenadithiafulvalene] and metal halide anions (DMET)4MIICl4(TCE)2 (M = Mn, Co, Cu, Zn; TCE = 1,1,2-trichloroethane) have been synthesized and characterized by transport and magnetic measurements. The crystal structures of the DMET salts are isostructural, consisting of a quasi-one-dimensional stack of DMET and insulating layers containing metal halide anions and TCE. Semimetallic band structures are calculated by the tight-binding approximation. Metal−insulator transitions are observed at TMI = 25, 15, 5−20, and 13 K for M = Mn, Co, Cu, and Zn, respectively. The M = Cu salt exhibits anisotropic conduction at ambient pressure, being semiconducting in the intralayer current direction but metallic for the interplane current direction, down to TMI. The metal−insulator transitions are suppressed under pressure. In the M = Co and Zn salts, large magnetoresistances with hysteresis are observed at low temperatures, on which Shubnikov−de Haas oscillations are superposed above 30 T. In the M = Cu salt, no hysteresis is observed but clear Shubnikov−de Haas oscillations are observed. The magnetoresistance is small and monotonic in the M = Mn salt. Paramagnetic susceptibilities of the spins of the magnetic ions are observed for the M = Mn, Co, and Cu salts with small negative Weiss temperatures of ∼1 K. In the nonmagnetic M = Zn salt, Pauli-like π-electron susceptibility that vanishes at TMI is observed. The ground state of the π-electron system is understood as being a spin density wave state caused by imperfect nesting of the Fermi surfaces. In this π-electron system, the magnetic ions of the M = Mn, Co, and Cu salts interact differently, exhibiting a variety of transport behaviors.