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Matrisome Provides a Supportive Microenvironment for Skin Functions of Diverse Species

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posted on 18.09.2020, 21:54 by Binghui Liu, Shikun Zhang, Wenjuan Wang, Zhimin Yun, Luye Lv, Mi Chai, Zhihong Wu, Yunping Zhu, Jie Ma, Ling Leng
A biomaterial scaffold is a promising tool employed to drive tissue regeneration. This technology has been successfully applied in human tissue rebuilding, particularly for the skin. Meanwhile, there is still room for further improvement, such as maintaining sufficient functionality of a biomaterial scaffold. Here, we developed a new decellularization method to generate a complete anatomical skin biomatrix scaffold with a preserved extracellular matrix (ECM) architecture. We performed proteomic and bioinformatic analyses of the skin scaffold maps of humans, pigs, and rats and systematically analyzed the interaction between ECM proteins and different cell types in the skin microenvironment. These interactions served to quantify the structure and function of the skin’s Matrisome comprising core ECM components and ECM-associated soluble signaling molecules required for the regulation of epidermal development. We primarily found that the properties of the skin ECM were species-specific. For example, the composition and function of the ECM of the human skin were more similar to those of pigs compared with those of rats. However, the skin ECM of the pig was significantly deficient in its enzyme systems and immune regulatory factors compared with that of humans. These findings provide a new understanding of the role of the skin ECM niche as well as an attractive strategy that can apply tissue engineering principles to skin biomatrix scaffold materials, which promises to accelerate and enhance tissue regeneration.