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Magnetic Ordering in Three-Dimensional Metal–Organic Frameworks Based on Carboxylate Bridged Square-Grid Layers

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posted on 05.09.2011 by Qian Sun, Ai-ling Cheng, Yan-Qin Wang, Yu Ma, En-Qing Gao
Three isomorphous metal–organic frameworks of formula [M(ppdc)(H2O)2]n [M = Mn(II), Fe(II), and Co(II)] were synthesized from sodium p-phenylenediacrylic (Na2ppdc). Crystallographic studies revealed that the compounds are layer-pillared 3D frameworks in which the square-grid M(II) layers with single carboxylate bridges are interlinked by long organic spacers with large interlayer separations of about 13 Å. Magnetic investigations indicated that they all display intralayer antiferromagnetic interactions through the carboxylate bridges in the unusual skew–skew coordination mode but the bulk behaviors are quite different. The Co(II) compound, like most compounds containing similar M–O–C–O–M layers, shows no 3D magnetic ordering down to 2 K, while the Mn(II) and Fe(II) compounds exhibit spin-canted ordering, behaving as a weak ferromagnet (TC = 3.8 K) and a metamagnet (TN = 3.8 K, Hc = 650 Oe), respectively. Spin-canted ordering is still a rarity in this series of materials. Magnetostructural comparisons with analogous compounds indicate that the occurrence of spin-canted ordering can be related to the uncommon skew–skew and anti–anti coordination modes of carboxylate bridges, which induce stronger antiferromagnetic interactions than the common syn–anti mode.