Low-Dimensional Hybrid Lead Iodide Perovskites Single Crystals via Bifunctional Amino Acid Cross-Linkage: Structural Diversity and Properties Controllability
datasetposted on 05.01.2021, 21:04 by Guanying Xie, Lei Wang, Peizhou Li, Shuang Song, Changlin Yao, Shanpeng Wang, Yang Liu, Zhen Wang, Xinyuan Wang, Xutang Tao
Three-dimensional perovskite AMX3 has great potential in photoelectric applications, but the poor stability is a major problem that restricts its practical application. The emergence of lower dimensional perovskite solves this problem. Here, we have synthesized a group of novel low-dimensional perovskites with diverse structures. Different amino acids were incorporated in the perovskite cage. The formulas of the compounds are (A′)mPbIm+2 (A′ = COOH(CH2)nNH2, n = 1, 3, 5, 7, 9). These families of materials demonstrate structure-related stability, tunable bandgap, and different photoluminescence. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction indicated that the five materials employ different structure types varying from edge-sharing structures to face- and corner-sharing Pb/I structures by adjusting the number of C atoms in organic cations, and the level of [PbI6]4– octahedral distortion was also identified. The film prepared using these materials with longer carbon chains (n = 5, 7, 9) showed better stability, and they did not decompose within one year at 75% RH, 40 °C. The bifunctional organic ions containing carboxyl groups as spacer cations will form additional hydrogen bonding between perovskite layers, resulting in higher stability of the material. The band gaps of these materials vary from 2.19 to 2.6 eV depending on the octahedral connection mode and [PbI6]4– octahedral distortion level, density functional theory calculations (DFT) are consistent with our experimental trends and suggest that the face-sharing structure has the maximum band gap due to its flatter electron band structure. Bright green fluorescence was observed in (COOH(CH2)7NH3)2PbI4 and (COOH(CH2)9NH3)2PbI4 when excited by 365 nm UV light. A thorough comprehension of the structure–property relationships is of great significance for further practical applications of perovskites.