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Low-Density Lipoproteins and Human Serum Albumin as Carriers of Squalenoylated Drugs: Insights from Molecular Simulations

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posted on 04.01.2018, 00:00 by Semen O. Yesylevskyy, Christophe Ramseyer, Mariia Savenko, Simona Mura, Patrick Couvreur
We have studied the interaction of three clinically promising squalenoylated drugs (gemcitabine-squalene, adenine-squalene, and doxorubicin-squalene) with low-density lipoproteins (LDL) by means of atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. It is shown that all studied squalenoylated drugs accumulate inside the LDL particles. This effect is promoted by the squalene moiety, which acts as an anchor and drives the hydrophilic drugs into the hydrophobic core of the LDL lipid droplet. Our data suggest that LDL particles could be a universal carriers of squalenoylated drugs in the bloodstream. Interaction of gemcitabine-squalene with human serum albumin (HSA) was also studied by ensemble of docking simulations. It is shown that HSA could also act as a passive carrier of this bioconjugate. It should be noted that the binding of squalene moiety to HSA was unspecific and did not occur in the binding pockets devoted to fatty acids.