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Light Hydrocarbon Adsorption Mechanisms in Two Calcium-Based Microporous Metal Organic Frameworks

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posted on 25.01.2016, 00:00 by Anna M. Plonka, Xianyin Chen, Hao Wang, Rajamani Krishna, Xinglong Dong, Debasis Banerjee, William R. Woerner, Yu Han, Jing Li, John B. Parise
The adsorption mechanism of ethane, ethylene, and acetylene (C2Hn; n = 2, 4, 6) on two microporous metal organic frameworks (MOFs) is described here that is consistent with observations from single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction, calorimetric measurements, and gas adsorption isotherm measurements. Two calcium-based MOFs, designated as SBMOF-1 and SBMOF-2 (SB: Stony Brook), form three-dimensional frameworks with one-dimensional open channels. As determined from single crystal diffraction experiments, channel geometries of both SBMOF-1 and SBMOF-2 provide multiple adsorption sites for hydrocarbon molecules through C–H···π and C–H···O interactions, similarly to interactions in the molecular and protein crystals. Both materials selectively adsorb C2 hydrocarbon gases over methane as determined with IAST and breakthrough calculations as well as experimental breakthrough measurements, with C2H6/CH4 selectivity as high as 74 in SBMOF-1.