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Lanthanum and Alkali Metal Coordination Chemistry of the Bis(dimethylphenylsilyl)amide Ligand

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posted on 17.04.2006, 00:00 by William J. Evans, Daniel B. Rego, Joseph W. Ziller
The coordination chemistry of the bis(dimethylphenylsilyl)amide ligand, [N(SiMe2Ph)2]1-, with sodium, potassium, and lanthanum has been investigated for comparison with the more commonly used [N(SiMe3)2]1- and [N(SiHMe2)2]1- ligands. HN(SiMe2Ph)2 reacts with KH to produce KN(SiMe2Ph)2, 1, which crystallizes from toluene as the dimer [KN(SiMe2Ph)2(C7H8)]2, 2. The structure of 2 shows that the [N(SiMe2Ph)2]1- ligand can function as a polyhapto ligand with coordination from each phenyl group as well as the normal nitrogen ligation and agostic methyl interactions common in methylsilylamides. Each potassium in 2 is ligated by an η4-toluene, two bridging nitrogen atoms, and an η2-phenyl, an η1-phenyl, and an η1-methyl group. KN(SiMe2Ph)2 crystallizes from toluene in the presence of 18-crown-6 to make the monometallic complex (18-crown-6)KN(SiMe2Ph)2, 3, in which [N(SiMe2Ph)2]1- functions as a simple monodentate ligand through nitrogen. The reaction of HN(SiMe2Ph)2 with NaH in THF at reflux for 2 days generates Na[N(SiMe2Ph)2], 4, which crystallizes as the solvated dimer {(THF)Na[μ-η11-N(SiMe2Ph)2]}2, 5. A lanthanide metallocene derivative of [N(SiMe2Ph)2]1- was obtained by reaction of K[N(SiMe2Ph)2] with [(C5Me5)2La][(μ-Ph)2BPh2]. Crystals of (C5Me5)2La[N(SiMe2Ph)2], 6, show agostic interactions between lanthanum and methyl groups of each silyl substituent. The [N(SiMe3)2]1- analogue of 3, (18-crown-6)KN(SiMe3)2, 7, was also structurally characterized for comparison.