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Label-Free Quantitative Phosphoproteomics Reveals Signaling Dynamics Involved in Embryogenic Competence Acquisition in Sugarcane

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posted on 2020-09-22, 19:05 authored by Felipe A. Almeida, Lucas Z. Passamani, Claudete Santa-Catarina, Brian P. Mooney, Jay J. Thelen, Vanildo Silveira
In this study, a label-free quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis was performed to identify and quantify signaling events related to the acquisition of embryogenic competence in sugarcane. Embryogenic and nonembryogenic calli were compared at the multiplication phase, resulting in the identification of 163 phosphoproteins unique to embryogenic calli, 9 unique to nonembryogenic calli, and 51 upregulated and 40 downregulated in embryogenic calli compared to nonembryogenic calli. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD018054. Motif-x analysis revealed the enrichment of [xxxpSPxxx], [RxxpSxxx], and [xxxpSDxxx] motifs, which are predicted phosphorylation sites for several kinases related to stress responses. The embryogenic-related phosphoproteins (those unique and upregulated in embryogenic calli) identified in the present study are related to abscisic acid-induced signaling and abiotic stress response; they include OSK3, ABF1, LEAs, and RD29Bs. On the other hand, the nonembryogenic-related phosphoproteins EDR1 and PP2Ac-2 are negative regulators of abscisic acid signaling, suggesting a relationship between phosphoproteins involved in the abscisic acid and stress responses in the acquisition of embryogenic competence. Moreover, embryogenic-related phosphoproteins associated with epigenetic modifications, such as HDA6, HDA19, and TOPLESS, and with RNA metabolism, including AGO1, DEAH5, SCL30, UB2C, and SR45, were identified to play potential roles in embryogenic competence. These results reveal novel phosphorylation sites for several proteins and identify potential candidate biomarkers for the acquisition of embryogenic competence in sugarcane.