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Isolation and Structural Characterization of Some Aryltellurium Halides and Their Hydrolyzed Products Stabilized by an Intramolecular Te···N Interaction

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posted on 14.02.2011, 00:00 by Kriti Srivastava, Poonam Shah, Harkesh B. Singh, Ray J. Butcher
The isolation of pure [2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]tellurium(IV) tribromide (6) has been achieved by modifying the reported procedure, which involved transmetalation of [2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]mercury(II) chloride (7) with TeBr4. The mixed-valent derivative bis[2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]ditellurium dichloride (19), incorporating both a divalent and a tetravalent tellurium, was obtained serendipitously during the reduction of [2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]tellurium(IV) trichloride (16) with hydrazine hydrate. Bis[2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]telluride (10) has been synthesized by the ortho-lithiation route. Telluride 10, on treatment with SO2Cl2 and Br2, underwent oxidative addition to give the expected Te(IV) halogenated products bis[2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]tellurium(IV) dichloride (13) and bis[2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]tellurium(IV) dibromide (11), respectively. However, a similar reaction of 10 with I2 resulted in the formation of an unexpected telluronium cation, iodobis[2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]telluronium triiodide (14), and [2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]tellurenenyl(II) iodide (12). Alkaline hydrolysis of 16 under reflux conditions resulted in the formation of monomeric [2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]tellurinic acid (20) and its sodium salt (21) as a cocrystal. Bis[[2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]tellurium]oxide (22) was obtained from the hydrolysis of [2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]tellurium(II) chloride (17). The reaction of 13 with an alkaline solution resulted in the formation of the corresponding bis[2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]tellurium(IV) oxide (23) and dichlorobis[2-(phenylazo)phenyl-C,N′]tellurium(IV) oxide (24). The identity of all the derivatives was confirmed by multinuclear NMR (1H, 13C, 125Te) and FT-IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and ESI-MS. The structures for tellurium derivatives 6, 1014, 17, 19, 2023, and 23A were also confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Density functional theory (DFT) was utilized for optimizing the geometries of 11, 13, and 14 to examine the possibility of a four-membered intramolecular Te···N interaction.