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Isolation and Biosynthesis of Phenazine–Polyketide Hybrids from Streptomyces sp. KIB-H483

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posted on 14.05.2022, 13:05 by Zhiyan Wang, Feng-Xian Yang, Chongxi Liu, Li Wang, Yuxin Qi, Minghang Cao, Xiaowei Guo, Jie Li, Xueshuang Huang, Jing Yang, Sheng-Xiong Huang
A phenazine–polyketide hybrid compound, nexphenazine A (1), was isolated from Streptomyces sp. KIB-H483. The bioinformatic analysis of the draft genome of the producing strain and gene inactivation experiments revealed that the biosynthesis of 1 involves a phenazine–polyketide hybrid gene cluster. The abolished production of 1 as well as the accumulation of shunt metabolites 47 in mutant strain ΔnpzI revealed the key role of the npzI gene, which encodes an NAD­(P)­H-dependent ketoreductase, in nexphenazine biosynthesis. The structures and absolute configurations of the isolated intermediates were established on the basis of spectroscopic data analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, chiral chromatography, and chemical conversion experiments. NpzI exhibited stereochemical selectivity in reducing the carbonyl group of 4. Nexphenazine biosynthesis is proposed to involve a condensation of the carboxyl group of phenazine with one molecule of methylmalonyl-CoA by a type I PKS, followed by a ketone reduction by NpzI and an unknown methylation reaction.

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