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Iron-Catalyzed [2π + 2π] Cycloaddition of α,ω-Dienes:  The Importance of Redox-Active Supporting Ligands

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posted on 18.10.2006, 00:00 by Marco W. Bouwkamp, Amanda C. Bowman, Emil Lobkovsky, Paul J. Chirik
The bis(imino)pyridine iron bis(dinitrogen) complex, (iPrPDI)Fe(N2)2 (iPrPDI = 2,6-(2,6-iPr2C6H3NCR)2C5H3N), serves as an efficient precursor for the catalytic [2π + 2π] cycloaddition of α,ω-dienes to yield the corresponding bicycles. For amine substrates, the rate of catalytic turnover increases with the size of the nitrogen substituents, demonstrating competing heterocycle coordination and product inhibition. In one case, a bis(imino)pyridine iron azobicycloheptane product was characterized by X-ray diffraction. Preliminary mechanistic studies highlight the importance of the redox activity of the bis(imino)pyridine ligand to maintain the ferrous oxidation state throughout the catalytic cycle.