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Intramolecular [2 + 2] and [4 + 2] Cycloaddition Reactions of Cinnamylamides of Ethenetricarboxylate in Sequential Processes

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posted on 10.10.2016, 00:00 authored by Shoko Yamazaki, Hirotaka Sugiura, Shinnosuke Ohashi, Keisuke Ishizuka, Rina Saimu, Yuji Mikata, Akiya Ogawa
Intramolecular [2 + 2] and [4 + 2] cycloaddition reactions of cinnamylamides of ethenetricarboxylate in sequential processes have been studied. Reaction of 1,1-diethyl 2-hydrogen ethenetricarboxylate and trans-cinnamylamines in the presence of EDCI/HOBt/Et3N led to pyrrolidine products in one pot, via intramolecular [2 + 2], [4 + 2], and some other cyclizations. The types of the products depend on the substituents on the benzene ring and the reaction conditions. Reaction of cinnamylamines without substituents on the benzene ring and with halogens and OMe on the para position at room temperature gave cyclobutane-fused pyrrolidines as major products via [2 + 2] cycloaddition. The reaction at 80 °C in 1,2-dichloroethane gave δ-lactone fused pyrrolidines as major products, probably via ring-opening of the cyclobutanes. Interestingly, reaction of 1,1-diethyl 2-hydrogen ethenetricarboxylate and cinnamylamines bearing electron-withdrawing groups such as NO2, CN, CO2Me, CO2Et, and CF3 on ortho and para positions in the presence of EDCI/HOBt/Et3N at room temperature or at 60–80 °C gave tetrahydrobenz­[f]­isoindolines via [4 + 2] cycloaddition as major products. DFT studies have been performed to explained the observed [2 + 2]/[4 + 2] selectivity.

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