pr8b00778_si_006.xlsx (35.18 MB)

Integrative Analysis of MicroRNAome, Transcriptome, and Proteome during the Limb Regeneration of Cynops orientalis

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posted on 04.01.2019, 00:00 by Yuan Yu, Jie Tang, Jiaojiao Su, Jihong Cui, Xin Xie, Fulin Chen
Salamanders completely regenerate their limbs after amputation. Thus, these animals are unique models to investigate the mechanisms modulating regeneration in vertebrates. To investigate the influence of microRNAs (miRNAs) on newt limb regeneration, the miRNAs and mRNAs were simultaneously profiled using Illumina HiSeq 2500 System during limb regeneration of Cynops orientalis at 3, 7, 14, 30 and 42 days postamputation. A total of 203 miRNAs and 4230 mRNAs were identified to be differentially expressed. Together with the proteomic data obtained from our previous study, integrative analysis of multiple profiling data sets was performed to construct an interaction network of differentially expressed miRNAs, mRNAs and proteins. Results of GO and KEGG analyses showed that the differentially expressed miRNA targets were mainly directed to cytoskeletal remodeling and carbohydrate metabolism. The stage-specific regulation of miRNAs on their targets was analyzed by hierarchical clustering analysis and validated by qRT-PCR. The negative regulation of miR-223 and miR-133a on their targets was tested by performing dual luciferase reporter assay. The integration analysis will provide a powerful tool to identify the regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs and their targets. The results may have implications in understanding the complex mechanisms underlying newt limb regeneration.

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