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Integration of Ligand and Structure Based Approaches for CSAR-2014

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posted on 22.10.2015, 00:00 by Philip Prathipati, Kenji Mizuguchi
The prediction of binding poses and affinities is an area of active interest in computer-aided drug design (CADD). Given the documented limitations with either ligand or structure based approaches, we employed an integrated approach and developed a rapid protocol for binding mode and affinity predictions. This workflow was applied to the three protein targets of Community Structure–Activity Resource-2014 (CSAR-2014) exercise: Factor Xa (FXa), Spleen Tyrosine Kinase (SYK), and tRNA (guanine-N(1))-methyltransferase (TrmD). Our docking and scoring workflow incorporates compound clustering and ligand and protein structure based pharmacophore modeling, followed by local docking, minimization, and scoring. While the former part of the protocol ensures high-quality ligand alignments and mapping, the subsequent minimization and scoring provides the predicted binding modes and affinities. We made blind predictions of docking pose for 1, 5, and 14 ligands docked into 1, 2, and 12 crystal structures of FXa, SYK, and TrmD, respectively. The resulting 174 poses were compared with cocrystallized structures (1, 5, and 14 complexes) made available at the end of CSAR. Our predicted poses were related to the experimentally determined structures with a mean root-mean-square deviation value of 3.4 Å. Further, we were able to classify high and low affinity ligands with the area under the curve values of 0.47, 0.60, and 0.69 for FXa, SYK, and TrmD, respectively, indicating the validity of our approach in at least two of the three systems. Detailed critical analysis of the results and CSAR methodology ranking procedures suggested that a straightforward application of our workflow has limitations, as some of the performance measures do not reflect the actual utility of pose and affinity predictions in the biological context of individual systems.