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Influence of Molecular Conformation on Electron Transport in Giant, Conjugated Macrocycles

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posted on 31.07.2018, 17:22 by Melissa L. Ball, Boyuan Zhang, Qizhi Xu, Daniel W. Paley, Virginia Cary Ritter, Fay Ng, Michael L. Steigerwald, Colin Nuckolls
We describe here the direct connection between the molecular conformation of a conjugated macrocycle and its macroscopic charge transport properties. We incorporate chiral, helical perylene diimide ribbons into the two separate macrocycles as the n-type, electron transporting material. As the macrocycles’ films and electronic structures are analogous, the important finding is that the macrocycles’ molecular structures and their associated dynamics determine device performance in organic field effect transistors. We show the more flexible macrocycle has a 4-fold increase in electron mobility in field effect transistor devices. Using a combination of spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations, we find that the origin of the difference in device performance is the ability of more flexible isomer to make intermolecular contacts relative to the more rigid counterpart.

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