American Chemical Society
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Imidazolin-2-iminato Ligand-Supported Titanium Complexes as Catalysts for the Synthesis of Urea Derivatives

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posted on 2016-02-01, 00:00 authored by Kishor Naktode, Suman Das, Jayeeta Bhattacharjee, Hari Pada Nayek, Tarun K. Panda
The reactions of tetrakis­(dimethylamido)­titanium­(IV) [Ti­(NMe2)4] with three different imidazolin-2-imines (ImRNH; R = tert-butyl (tBu), mesityl (Mes), and 2,6-diisopropylphenyl (Dipp)) afforded the corresponding titanium imidazolin-2-iminato complexes [(ImRN)­Ti­(NMe2)3] (R = tBu, 1a; R = Mes, 1b; R = Dipp, 1c). Treatment of complex 1a with two different carbodiimides [R′NCNR′; R′ = cyclohexyl (Cy) and isopropyl (iPr)] resulted in the formation of imidazolin-2-iminato titanium mono­(guanidinate) complex of the type [(ImRN)­Ti­(R′NC­(NMe2)­NR′) (NMe2)2 (R′ = iPr; R = tBu (2a), R = Dipp (2c); R′ = Cy, R = tBu (3a)], as yellow solid in 94% yield. However, a similar reaction of 1b and 1c with 2 equiv of phenyl isocyanates at ambient temperature resulted in the formation of corresponding titanium bis­(ureate) complexes [(ImRN)­Ti­{κ2-OC­(NMe2)­NPh}2(NMe2)] (R = Mes, 4b and R = Dipp, 4c). Three equivalents of phenyl isothiocyanate reacted with complex 1c to afford respective titanium tris­(thioureate) complex [(ImDippN)­Ti­{κ2-SC­(NMe2)­NPh}2­{κ1-SC­(NMe2)­NPh}] (6c). The molecular structures of 1ac, 2a, 2c, 3a, 4c, and 6c were established by X-ray diffraction analyses, and, from the solid-state structures of 1ac, 2a, 2c, 3a, 4c, and 6c, it was confirmed that the imidazolin-2-iminato titanium bond in each case is very short and possesses a multiple-bonding character. The imidazolin-2-iminato titanium complex 1c was utilized as a precatalyst for the addition of amine N–H bond to phenyl isocyanate. High yields of the corresponding urea derivatives were achieved under mild conditions. The mechanistic study of the aforementioned catalytic reaction was performed, and the active catalyst complex 7b was isolated using 2 equiv of iminopyrrole [2-(2,6-iPr2­C6H3NCH)­C4H3NH] and the complex 4b. The molecular structure of 7b was thereafter established.