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Identification of Immune-Responsive Gene 1 (IRG1) as a Target of A20

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posted on 07.05.2018, 00:00 by Emmy Van Quickelberghe, Arne Martens, Ludger J. E. Goeminne, Lieven Clement, Geert van Loo, Kris Gevaert
A20 is a negative regulator of NF-κB signaling; it controls inflammatory responses and ensures tissue homeostasis. A20 is thought to restrict NF-κB activation both by its ubiquitin-editing activity as well as by its nonenzymatic activities. Besides its role in NF-κB signaling, A20 also acts as a protective factor inhibiting apoptosis and necroptosis. Because of the ability of A20 to both ubiquitinate and deubiquitinate substrates, and its involvement in many cellular processes, we hypothesized that deletion of A20 might generally impact on protein levels, thereby disrupting cellular signaling. We performed a differential proteomics study on bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) from control and myeloid-specific A20 knockout mice, both in untreated conditions and after LPS or TNF treatment, and demonstrated A20-dependent changes in protein expression. Several inflammatory proteins were found up-regulated in the absence of A20, even without an inflammatory stimulus, but, depending on the treatment and the treatment time, more proteins were found regulated. Together these protein changes may affect normal signaling events, which may disturb tissue homeostasis and induce (autoimmune) inflammation, in agreement with A20s proposed identity as a susceptibility gene for inflammatory disease. We further verify that immune-responsive gene 1 (IRG1) is up-regulated in the absence of A20 and that its levels are transcriptionally regulated.