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Highly Sensitive Bifunctional Probe for Colorimetric Cyanide and Fluorometric H2S Detection and Bioimaging: Spontaneous Resolution, Aggregation, and Multicolor Fluorescence of Bisulfide Adduct

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posted on 24.08.2017, 00:00 authored by Sumit Kumar Patra, Sanjoy Kumar Sheet, Bhaskar Sen, Kripamoy Aguan, Debesh Ranjan Roy, Snehadrinarayan Khatua
A 4-methylbenzothiazole linked maleimide-based single molecular bifunctional probe 1 has been synthesized for the colorimetric and fluorometric detection of highly competitive H2S and cyanide ion in aqueous DMSO media. The probe 1 selectively detected CN under the UV–vis spectroscopy through the rapid appearance of deep pink color. The bright pink color developed due to ICT in the moderately stable cyano substituted enolate intermediate. The absorbance titration of 1 with CN revealed a new band at 540 nm and the nonlinear curve fitting analysis showed good fit with 1:1 model. In fluorescence channel, 1 was found to be highly selective to H2S in 50% aqueous buffer (pH 7). It exhibited ∼16-fold fluorescence intensity enhancement at 435 nm after reaction with 1 equiv of H2S due to the inhibition of PET. The 1-SH adduct showed TICT phenomenon and behaved like molecular rotor. It further displayed aggregation behavior at higher concentration and excitation wavelength dependent multicolor emission properties. Most interestingly, the spontaneous resolution of chiral S-isomer of the 1-SH adduct occurred during crystallization. The cell imaging study revealed the staining of the cell and multicolor emission in the presence of H2S.