American Chemical Society
jm1c01740_si_005.pdb (183.83 kB)

Highly Antiproliferative Latonduine and Indolo[2,3‑c]quinoline Derivatives: Complex Formation with Copper(II) Markedly Changes the Kinase Inhibitory Profile

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posted on 2022-02-01, 19:07 authored by Christopher Wittmann, Felix Bacher, Eva A. Enyedy, Orsolya Dömötör, Gabriella Spengler, Christian Madejski, Jóhannes Reynisson, Vladimir B. Arion
A series of latonduine and indoloquinoline derivatives HL1HL8 and their copper­(II) complexes (1–8) were synthesized and comprehensively characterized. The structures of five compounds (HL6, [CuCl­(L1)­(DMF)]·DMF, [CuCl­(L2)­(CH3OH)], [CuCl­(L3)]·0.5H2O, and [CuCl2(H2L5)]­Cl·2DMF) were elucidated by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The copper­(II) complexes revealed low micro- to sub-micromolar IC50 values with promising selectivity toward human colon adenocarcinoma multidrug-resistant Colo320 cancer cells as compared to the doxorubicin-sensitive Colo205 cell line. The lead compounds HL4 and 4 as well as HL8 and 8 induced apoptosis efficiently in Colo320 cells. In addition, the copper­(II) complexes had higher affinity to DNA than their metal-free ligands. HL8 showed selective inhibition for the PIM-1 enzyme, while 8 revealed strong inhibition of five other enzymes, i.e., SGK-1, PKA, CaMK-1, GSK3β, and MSK1, from a panel of 50 kinases. Furthermore, molecular modeling of the ligands and complexes showed a good fit to the binding pockets of these targets.