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Highly Active Di- and Trimetallic Cobalt Catalysts for the Copolymerization of CHO and CO2 at Atmospheric Pressure

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posted on 2010-03-09, 00:00 authored by Michael R. Kember, Andrew J. P. White, Charlotte K. Williams
The synthesis and characterization of three new cobalt catalysts for the copolymerization of carbon dioxide and cyclohexene oxide are reported. All the complexes are extremely active at just 1 atm pressure of carbon dioxide, with very high selectivity for copolymerization and carbonate formation. The catalysts are dicobalt(II/II and II/III) and tricobalt(II/II/II) complexes coordinated by a macrocyclic, reduced “Robson” type ancillary ligand and by acetate groups. The complexes are significantly more active than their direct zinc analogues, which we attribute to the increased nucleophilicity of the cobalt−oxygen bond in the cobalt−carbonate propagating species. All three complexes are characterized using mass spectrometry, infrared and ultraviolet−visible spectroscopies, elemental analysis, and, for the tricobalt complex and mixed valence dicobalt species, single-crystal X-ray crystallography.

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