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High Nucleophilicity of Cyclic Amidocarbene toward Aryl Isocyanates, New Approach to Spiro[azetidinone-4,3‘-indolinone] Derivatives

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posted on 09.06.2006, 00:00 authored by Ying Cheng, Bo Wang, Lan-Qing Cheng
The nucleophilic addition of β-lactam-4-ylidenes 2, a type of ambiphilic cyclic amidocarbene, to aryl isocyanates has been studied and their application in organic synthesis has been demonstrated. Thermolysis of spiro[β-lactam-4,2‘-oxadiazolines] 1 in the presence of aryl isocyanates afforded both N-lactam and O-lactam substituted spiro[azetidine-2-one-4,3‘-indole-2‘-one] derivatives 5 and 6 in the total yield of 65−86%. Upon hydrolysis, products 5 and 6 were converted into spiro[azetidine-2-one-4,3‘-indole-2‘-one] 9 that was analogous to known biologically active compounds.