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High-Throughput Computational Screening of Multivariate Metal–Organic Frameworks (MTV-MOFs) for CO2 Capture

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posted on 05.12.2017, 00:00 by Song Li, Yongchul G. Chung, Cory M. Simon, Randall Q. Snurr
Multivariate metal–organic frameworks (MTV-MOFs) contain multiple linker types within a single structure. Arrangements of linkers containing different functional groups confer structural diversity and surface heterogeneity and result in a combinatorial explosion in the number of possible structures. In this work, we carried out high-throughput computational screening of a large number of computer-generated MTV-MOFs to assess their CO2 capture properties using grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations. The results demonstrate that functionalization enhances CO2 capture performance of MTV-MOFs when compared to their parent (unfunctionalized) counterparts, and the pore size plays a dominant role in determining the CO2 adsorption capabilities of MTV-MOFs irrespective of the combinations of the three functional groups (−F, −NH2, and −OCH3) that we investigated. We also found that the functionalization of parent MOFs with small pores led to larger enhancements in CO2 uptake and CO2/N2 selectivity than functionalization in larger-pore MOFs. Free energy contour maps are presented to visually compare the influence of linker functionalization between frameworks with large and small pores.