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High-Temperature Switchable Nonlinear Optical and Dielectric Material Revealed by Molecular Modification

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posted on 2021-04-23, 13:37 authored by Yongfa Xie, Jingjing Zheng, Kuangqi Zheng, Qing Liu, Jie Duan, Wei Chen, Shuke Shao, Hu Cai
Switchable materials with a high phase transition (PT) temperature have drawn much attention in the past few decades due to the wide application in electronic devices. Herein, 2-methyl-2-azabicyclo[2.2.2]­octan-2-ium perrhenate ([N-Me-isoQH]­ReO4) and 2-azabicyclo[2.2.2]­octan-2-ium perrhenate ([isoQH]­ReO4) were designed and synthesized by molecular modification based on the reported ferroelectric compound quinuclidinium perrhenate (HQReO4). Their crystal symmetries at room temperature decrease mainly owing to the cation-ion interaction and hydrogen-bond interaction between the cations and anions from [N-Me-isoQH]­ReO4 to the reported HQReO4 and to [isoQH]­ReO4. However, their PT transition temperatures increase in the order of [N-Me-isoQH]­ReO4, HQReO4, and [isoQH]­ReO4. [isoQH]­ReO4 showed a high PT temperature of 393 K, which is 48 K higher than that of reported HQReO4, and experienced a symmetry change from noncentrosymmetric point group C2 to centrosymmetric point group C4h. Its reversible dielectric and SHG behaviors make it a promising high-temperature dielectric and NLO molecular switch.

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