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High-Temperature Antiferroelectric of Lead Iodide Hybrid Perovskites

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posted on 2019-08-02, 18:46 authored by Shiguo Han, Xitao Liu, Yi Liu, Zhiyun Xu, Yaobin Li, Maochun Hong, Junhua Luo, Zhihua Sun
Antiferroelectrics, characterized by the natural polarization-electric field (PE) double hysteresis loops, has been developed as a promising branch for energy storage. Here, we present the first antiferroelectric in the booming family of lead iodide hybrid perovskites, (BA)2(EA)2Pb3I10 (1, where BA = n-butylammonium and EA = ethylammonium), which exhibits one of the highest Curie temperatures (∼363 K) for the majority of known molecular systems. Strikingly, its high-temperature antiferroelectricity, triggered by an antipolar alignment of adjacent dipoles, is confirmed by the characteristic double PE hysteresis loops, thus enabling remarkable energy storage efficiencies in the range of 65%–83%. This merit is almost comparable to those of many inorganic counterparts, suggesting the great potential of 1 for energy storage. Another fascinating attribute is that 1 also acts as a room-temperature biaxial ferroelectric with spontaneous polarization of 5.6 μC·cm–2. As far as we know, this study on the high-temperature antiferroelectric, along with room-temperature biaxial ferroelectricity, is unprecedented for the versatile lead iodide hybrid perovskites, which sheds light on the design of new electric-ordered materials and facilitates their application of high-performance devices.