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Heterolactone and Heterolactams A–M, Verticillane Diterpenoids with Anti-Inflammatory and Hepatoprotective Activities from the Soft Coral Heteroxenia ghardaqensis

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posted on 2023-09-06, 20:19 authored by Xiao Han, Kun Liu, Anran Fu, Zongchen Ma, Zhe Wang, Xiaolei Li, Xuli Tang, Dahai Zhang, Guoqiang Li
Fourteen new verticillane diterpenoids, heterolactone (1) and heterolactams A–M (214), were isolated from the soft coral Heteroxenia ghardaqensis. They structurally share the same 6/12 bicyclic carbon skeleton that is not commonly encountered in marine organisms. The structures, including the absolute configurations, were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, calculated ECD spectra, and DP4+ probability analyses. Compounds 5, 8, and 9 showed anti-inflammatory activities, and 2, 8, and 12 displayed hepatoprotective activities in zebrafish assays.

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